For two years, Ukrainian regions have received and spent funds under a new arrangement that emerged after the budget decentralization reform. VoxUkraine has found out which cities and towns have won and will continue to benefit from the reform, and which have fared not so well. Full text is available in Ukrainian and Russian.
In 2014, a number of new civil servants in Ukraine were recruited from the private sector. The most famous newcomers included Natalie Jaresko, the minister of finance, and Aivaras Abromavichus, the minister of economy. According to the calculations made by the authors, 40% of Arseniy Yatsenyuk’s government was formed by former businesspersons. Yet were these developments really unprecedented in Ukraine? Full text is available in Ukrainian and Russian.
Representative democracy is not the sole possible form of democracy. It can and should be complemented by other elements, such as direct democracy and participatory democracy. These two components are especially relevant for the latest constitutional amendment debate. These should be implemented through a bottom-up deliberation, in which every citizen participates, followed by a referendum.
Empirical evidence and fresh insights from behavioural economics suggest that smart fiscal decentralization naturally steers national economies toward less corruption and more sustainable economic growth. Some examples from Europe help to understand what a smart design for decentralisation might look like.
Opinion on the draft law amending the constitution of the Ukraine submitted by Oksana Syroyid, deputy speaker of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, member of the constitutional commission.
Twenty five years ago Polish gross domestic product per capita based on purchasing power parity was 11 percent lower than that of Ukraine. In 2014 it exceeded Ukrainian GDP by about three times. Two Polish experts who stood at the origins of the Polish transition believe it would have not been possible without rapid decentralization and active self-governance.
Reforms for decentralization ask the highest national leaders to relinquish a part of their power, so that locally elected officials can take some responsibility for serving their communities. No political leader is ever eager to give away any part of his power, but decentralization may be the essential key on which the success of all other reforms in Ukraine will depend.
We went through new budget rules passed by Ukraine’s parliament and found 11 things that we liked about the new Budget Code. There are also 2 things in there that can outweigh everything good about it – and these things concern decentralization.