Following the transition of public procurement in Ukraine to a digital platform, the role of a civil servant can be decreased (through the implementation of an automated system of real estate exchange). However, it is probably impossible to completely exclude the influence of bureaucrats on land sales. What are the conditions for the success of this reform?
In 2014, a number of new civil servants in Ukraine were recruited from the private sector. The most famous newcomers included Natalie Jaresko, the minister of finance, and Aivaras Abromavichus, the minister of economy. According to the calculations made by the authors, 40% of Arseniy Yatsenyuk’s government was formed by former businesspersons. Yet were these developments really unprecedented in Ukraine? Full text is available in Ukrainian and Russian.
For the second round in a row, the index for Monitoring Reforms (iMoRe) has given a low score to Ukraine’s ongoing reform efforts. Our progress assessment for September 26 – October 9 is only +0.5 out of a possible 5 points. Little progress was observed in reforming public administration, public finance, and business environment.
The Ukrainian coalition is widely assumed to consist of 2 factions, with the opposition composing the remaining 6. That’s not the whole story. An analysis of MPs’ votes during the 4th session proves the real coalition is composed of MPs from 5 factions, and the opposition numbers more than 40 MPs from Petro Poroshenko Bloc and People’s Front. What other surprises does unbiased data analysis of deputies’ behaviors uncover?
The Heads of Ukrainian universities are in despair. The college professor assembly line has nearly grinded to a halt. Since the beginning of 2016, only 21 people received the title of professor or assistant professor, compared to more than five thousand last year. What keeps thousands of the most educated Ukrainians from becoming professors, and what can be changed? Does the problem lie within the academics themselves, or the system?
The moratorium on agricultural land sales not only proved harmful to the state economy, resulting in lost revenue of up to USD $40-50 billion, but it was also an egregious violation of the property rights of Ukraine’s own citizens. For the past 16 years, seven million Ukrainian citizens haven’t been able to dispose of the land they own.
The inflation is huge, while earnings are not indexed!”, “The confiscated money of Yanukovych will siphon through the budget!, “But the state expenses are transparent!”. When the state budget for 2017 was presented in the Ukrainian parliament, politicians focused on two topics, the budget and the special confiscation. VoxCheck has found only two claims out of ten to be true. Full text is available in Ukrainian and Russian.
More than 25 years have passed since the first Parliament resolution “On land reform”. Despite this significant time period, the reform is far from being complete: sales market for agricultural land does not exist, significant share of rental market is informal and several categories of land do not have a clear legal status or are used in a non-transparent way.
The fight against corruption is currently the key task of the Ukrainian government. As of May 2016, according to a survey by the Democratic Initiatives Foundation, the anti-corruption reform remains a priority for 56% of Ukrainians. Moreover, the latest survey by Dragon Capital shows that 85% of foreign investors view corruption as the main obstacle to investing in the Ukrainian economy. The problem of corruption is thus still very relevant. The full version is available in Ukrainian and Russian.
The unexpected result of the referendum on Brexit has irritated the opponents of Britain’s exit from the EU and has deeply concerned the European public. It is the first time since 1985, when Greenland left the European Economic Community, that a member state has expressed its disapproval of the highly valued principles of the EU. One of the most influential EU member states has rejected the free movement of people and goods, which was once an unshakable European value. Full text is available in Ukrainian and Russian.