Monthly Archive: November 2015

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Vox Data Bank: How Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Works

Vox Data Bank (VDB) is a platform that shares data of the Verkhovna Rada (and not only). The aim of VDB is to stimulate research devoted to the analysis of the Ukrainian Parliament. We open for cooperation with everyone who are interested in parsing and analyzing data. You can contribute to the project in different ways. For more information, please, check “About” page.

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Index for Monitoring Reforms (іMoRe). Release 23

Index for Monitoring Reforms (iMoRe) from VoxUkraine aims to provide a comprehensive assessment of reform efforts by Ukraine’s authorities. The Index is based on expert assessments of changes in the regulatory environment in five areas. The iMoRe value for the 23rd monitoring period (November 9 – 22, 2015) was +0.6 point out of the possible range from -5.0 to +5.0 points. The pace of reforms remains sluggish. We expect reforms to accelerate next round because a series of anti-corruption developments have been already signed by the President. On the other hand, these changes are driven by external demand and are closely monitored by partners and donors. The internal motivation for reforms remains low.

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2-Day Course “Ukraine: An Insider’s View on Macroeconomics, Central Banking, and Monetary Policy”

Do you want to understand the current state of the Ukrainian economy and what to expect in the future? The Kyiv School of Economics and VoxUkraine invite you to a two-day course «Ukraine: An insider’s view on macroeconomics, central banking, and monetary policy» (November 28-29, 2015) where leading economists and policy-makers will explain the economic grounds of the current situation in Ukraine and share their expectations about its future prospects.

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Irregular Votes in Rada

This article lists ten members of the parliament with most irregular pattern of votes, and ten rollcalls (votes) with the most irregular pattern of votes. An irregular vote is not a proof of anything but may be indicative of political pressure or trading of political promises for votes, some unusual deals between the member of the parliament and parties interested in passing or blocking the law, corruption, or a strong independent ideological position on this specific law.

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Alternative Parties and Coalitions in Rada

Tymofiy Mylovanov is sure that parties serve as a vehicle to be elected to the parliament but afterwards there is little coherence of voting within a party. Each group of deputies that vote together have representatives from the majority of the parties. Thus, the interests, as reflected in similar votes, span across parties.

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Tax Reform in Georgia: Lessons for Ukraine

There is no doubt that the tax reform carried out by the Mikhael Saakashvili’s team after its ascend to power in 2004 was a success. But the Georgian government did not start the reform by sharply reducing the tax rates. Before anything else, it reviewed the motivation system within the tax service. It was impossible to fire all the tax inspectors instantly, as it was done with the police. Therefore, the government decided to alter their mindset by restructuring the system of their motivation. First changes in the tax legislation were adopted already in 2005, when a new tax code and a law on tax amnesty were introduced.

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Macroeconomic Implications of the Tax Reform

Before one suggests an aggressive fiscal consolidation to balance Ukraine’s budget, he or she should contemplate if Ukraine is prepared for another 5-10 percent decline in GDP. A sensible macroeconomic policy includes maintaining the level of public spending, increasing efficiency of government spending, improving tax collection and compliance, and borrowing from foreign sources to cover temporary fiscal deficits.

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Reduction of Regulatory Burden on Small and Medium Enterprises: European Experience

The article is dedicated to the problems of the disproportionate regulatory burden on small and medium enterprises (SME) and the EU’s experience in supporting SMEs. Special attention is dedicated to the needs of micro enterprises in order to allow them pursue their business goals without unnecessary regulation. The paper provides concluding remarks as well as some suggestions for the future.

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The Second Edition of White Paper “Legal and Governance Reforms in Ukraine: Strategic Priorities – Business and Economic Sector” Has Been Released

Legal Committee of the U.S.-Ukraine Business Council continues to promote reforms in the second edition of the White Paper – they have analyzed the achievements and failures of the new Verkhovna Rada and the new Government, and have shared their advice on the course of reforms for 21 sectors of the legal and governance system.

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The Anticorruption and Law Enforcement Reforms Can Be Borrowed From the Georgian Experience

Overall, it is disappointing that after one year of having been in office, the Rada and the Government have not succeeded in dismantling the current system, let alone replacing it with the new one. We have observed various sporadic attempts and efforts, some of them progressive and effective, but none of them amounting to radically reforming fundamental pillars of the current system: legislation, governance structure, public administration, institutions, judiciary, law enforcement and others. It seems that the Rada is measuring its success by how many new laws it adopted, which is an entirely wrong criterion.